Bursa Information / Fast Facts and Orientation
Country: Turkey (north-west) Location: Marmara Region / Province of Bursa / south of Istanbul Status: city / provincial seat Area: approximately 400 square miles / 1,035 square kilometres Population: approximately 2.5 million Language: Turkish Currency: Turkish Lira (TL) Time zone: UTC + 2, summer UTC + 3 Country dialing code: +90 Telephone area code: 0224 Religion: Islam / Muslim Average daily Bursa January temperature: 5-10°C Average daily Bursa July temperature: 25-30°C
Some places to see:
Castle of Bursa: Bursa castle was built in B.C. 2. century when Bursa was established. According to sources, the castle was built by the advice of Hannibal, the Roman General. It has severally been restored. The walls are 2 meter high. Hisar Saltanat Gate is seen on the left way of Tophane. Gate of Spa is in front of Cafe Yıldız, walls are seen through the Zindan Gate where traces of the prison are found. The strongest parts of the walls are found from this gate to Uftade.
Clock Tower: It is located in Tophane district, the area of tombs of Osman Gazi and Orhan Gazi. It was built in 1904, square planned. It was built as a fire observation tower. Cannonballs by the tower are used during national and religious ceremonies.
Covered Bazaar (Bedesten): Clothing, jewelry and precious metals can all be found in this main marketplace of Bursa.
Uludağ: Uludağ is the fabled Mount Olympus of Mysia. It is known in mythology as the place where the gods watched the Trojan War. It is a western extension of the Pontic mountain ranges. Its name means 'Big Mountain’ - the highest mountain in Western Anatolia. The ski centre, in the Uludağ National Park, is 36 km south of Bursa accessible, either along a sealed road,else by a combined cable-car/bus route that may be preferable when the road is icy. You can take 15-person dolmuşes from Bursa city centre, which have no fixed hours, and depart when full. 30-person cable cars (teleferik) from Bursa's upper neighbourhood of Teferrüç on the foothills of the mountain (minibuses with signs Teferrüç – Teleferik get there from central Bursa) take a much more direct route than the road. The skiing at Uludağ is mostly intermediate on lightly forested slopes that are usually open from December until late March. Heli-skiing is also available and there are vast off-piste bowls to explore, albeit a threat to conservation within the national park. There are 27 hotels, 15 of which are privately owned, providing over 3000 beds at present. Further development is underway.
Cumalıkızık Village: Cumalıkızık Village is located in 10 kilometers west of the Bursa, at the foot of the Mount Uludağ. Its history goes back to the Ottoman Empire's foundation period. The village is within the border of the Yıldırım district. The historical textures have been well protected and the civilian countryside architectural structures of the early Ottoman period have been successful at remaining undamaged until today. Because of this characteristic, the Cumalıkızık has been the center of the population that is the most attractive to the people and a frequently visited place. There are also a lot of movies that have often been recorded in the village about historical themes. In the village's square, there is a museum called Cumalıkızık ethnography museum where the historical objects belongs to the village has been exhibited. In the village, raspberry festival is held on Junes. The famous Cumalıkızık houses has been made out of wood, adobes, rubblestones. Most of them are triplex houses. and the windows upstairs are generally latticed and with a bay window. The handles and knockers on the main entry doors are made out of wrought iron. Cumalıkızık holds 270 historical houses. Some of these houses are in process of restoration and maintenance, and 180 of them are still being used as dwellings. There are also very narrow streets having cobblestone and without having sidewalk.
İznik: It is a small town in northwestern Turkey, on the eastern shore of Lake Iznik. It is the modern successor of the important Byzantine city ofNicea (or Nicaea), where the famous Council of Nicea was held in 325 AD. Several monuments from the Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman ages are well preserved in modern Iznik. Nicea's Roman and Byzantine city walls, 14,520 feet (4,426 m) in circumference, remain almost entirely intact around the city. Nicea had an ancient theater, built between the lake and Yenişehir Gate. The First Council of Nicea was held in the Senatus Palace, which sadly now lies beneath the waters of Lake Iznik. The highlight for religious travelers and historians are the ruins of the 4th-century St. Sophia Cathedral, the site of the Second Council of Nicea. It is located in the town center. Renamed Orhan Ghazi Mosque in 1331 and badly damaged by earthquake and fire, the building was restored by the famous architect Sinan in the 16th century. The ceiling of Haghia Sophia has collapsed but much still remains. The 14th-century Green Mosque (Yesil Camii) is named for the green tiles adorning its minaret. The original tiles have now been replaced by inferior copies. The Iznik Archaeological Museum is across from the mosque. One of Iznik's nicest historical buildings, the museum is housed in the Kitchen of Lady Nilüfer (Nilüfer Hatun Imareti). The imaret (kitchen) was set up in 1388 by the wife of Ottoman ruler Orhan Gazi, as a hospice for wandering dervishes. The museum's collection consists mainly of Roman antiquities and glass, supplemented with some recently-discovered Seljuk and Ottoman tiles.
Baths (Hammams) & Spring Resorts (Kaplıca): Some of the most known thermal springs of the city centre that survived until today are; Eski Kaplıca which was built by Sultan Murad the First, Kükürtlü Kaplıca built by Sultan Bayezid the First, Yeni Kaplıca built by Rüstem Paşa, the vizier of Sultan Süleyman the Law Maker, Kara Mustafa Pafla Thermal Springs built by Karamustafapaşa; Cıkcık Hammam of the Murad the First period; and Çekirge Hammam dated back to 14th Century together with the Çakırağa Hammam that belongs to the period of Murad the Second. Providing cure for kings, queens and many sick people for ages the waters of thermal springs of Bursa resembles to amber, which is believed to have curative effects due to its high energy. The Bursa Spring Resorts healed sultans and patients for centuries. They have a high potential energy. Restoration of these places continued during the Ottoman period and renovation and construction of many new ones still continue in the Turkish Republic time. The number of historical baths that are still in service is 27. Oylat hot spring resorts and Çitli mineral water spring outside Bursa center in Inegöl, Kara Mustafa bath on Bursa-Mudanya highway, Tümbüldek spa in Akarca Village of Mustafakemalpaşa, Terme hot spring resort on Umurbey Village road in Gemlik, Ağaçhisar and Sada thermal of Ağaçhisar have served as healing and therapy centers for centuries and they are still in service, treatment and cure of many visitors.
Balibey Han: It is situated on Atatürk Avenue and was restored by Bursa Municipality in 2007 not damaging its originality as a three storey building having 64 rooms. A traditional Turkish Coffee House and a touristic restaurant is on service in this ancient building of 500 years. Silverware, rugs, antiques, towels, silk and gift shops are in service at Balibey Khan.
Koza Han: It is known as well as 'Silk-Cocoon Hall""The Bursa Silk Bazaar" and was built in 1451 when that was one of the major stops of the famous Silk Road. Since then that was centre of silk trade. Now you can find them so many different local shops with silk and other precious fabrics as well as some jewellery shops. It doesn't look so interesting from outside, but when you enter it is completely different. In the centre of courtyard there is small mosque.
Bursa City Museum: It has been serving in a three storey historical building and presenting its visitors the 7000 years history of Bursa. Within this wide historical range the history and geography of Bursa, its commercial, social, and cultural values are presented in a systematic presentation via visuals, objects and animations. In the basement floor you can visit the “Historical Craftsmen Street” that traditional trade life in Bursa is presented with genuine decors and animations. While you walk on the stone pavement, you will have the feeling of touring in a real street and see the traditional craftsmen of Bursa In the entrance floor the historical development of the city is being presented. The City Museum of Bursa is located behind the Atatürk statue situated just at the centre of the city.
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